Sea transport is one of the most important forms of transport in the modern world. In this matter, ports play a significant role. The port of Shanghai is located near the city of Shanghai and includes a deep seaport and a river port. This port has also become the busiest port in the world. Besides, it is an important center of trade, business, and finance, which is characterized by highly developed infrastructure and a convenient network of freight and passenger connections.
Port of Shanghai
The Port of Shanghai is also called SIGP or Shanghai International Port (Group). It is the largest seaport in the world, which was put into service in 1842. Over the years, the place has grown to become one of the most important ports in the region. The port of Shanghai occupies an area of 4 km2.
The port is located very close to the Yangtze River, thanks to which it has become an important transport hub. Port very often referred to as a small city, where instead of houses we find numerous containers.
In the port of Shanghai, one-fourth of all cargo traffic is exported and imported.
History of port
The initial years of the port’s operation were often described as very prosperous; however, when the communists came to power in the late 1940s, the traffic in the port dropped considerably. Over the following years, it remained low until 1991. During this time, regulations that facilitated international trade have changed. Until 2005, a huge infrastructure was created, allowing more ships to be taken. With the passing years, traffic in the port has also increased.
The biggest port in the world
The port of Shanghai has been competing with the port in Singapore for the title of the largest port in the world for years. In 2010, the port of Shanghai surpassed its rival by 500,000 TEU, thus becoming the largest port in terms of supported traffic in the world.
In 2013, a total of 33 million TEUs were loaded and unloaded in Shanghai.
Besides, the appropriate port layout allows it to receive the largest container ships in the world.
Expansion and constant development
In 2017, container handling in the Shanghai port exceeded 40 million TEU. This result made it possible to beat the current world record in transhipments.
One of the world’s 20 largest container ports in the world, Shanghai’s port has seen an increase in transhipments by 142 percent between 2007 and 2016.
Last year, the port launched trial operations in a new, automated container terminal, described as the world’s largest unmanned terminal. The new port can handle 4 million TEU; thus, the port of Shanghai wants to maintain its leading position among international shipping centers.
Connection of several ports
The port of Shanghai is a few ports connected together. One of the most important of them is the port Jangsan, which is located on the island connected to the mainland by a special bridge. The Donghai Bridge was opened in 2005 and extended to 32.5 km. It is one of the longest bridges in the world and is continually being expanded.
Every month, more than 2,000 container ships depart from the port of Shanghai, heading for various parts of the world. The Port of Shanghai serves 281 shipping routes.
Shipowners serving the port of Shanghai
The shipowners who serve the port in Shanghai include: ANL, APL, China Shipping, CMA / CGM, COSCO, Ecu-Line, Evergreen, Hanjin, Hapag Lloyd, Hatsu Marine Limited, HUAL, Hyundai, K-Line, MSC , Norasia, NYK, OOCL, OWL, Rickmers-Lines, Roco-Carrier, UASC, WANHAI, Yang Ming and ZIM.