US-Turkish trade ties are relatively weak, and whether they strengthen or not in the future depends on several economic and political factors. In 2019, US-Turkey two-way goods trade was equivalent to less than 1% of US global trade in goods, and the US accounted for 5% of Turkey’s exports. The United States imported $10.6 billion in goods from Turkey, which exceeded exports by $0.3 billion. They mainly were carpets and rugs, autos, and other light-duty motor vehicles, as well as petroleum refinery products. The US and Turkey can prosper in trade. Get to know the options of shipping from Turkey to the US.
Shipping from Turkey to the US
Available types of transportation
In 2019, Turkey was the United States’ 32nd largest supplier of goods imports. Since the US and Turkey are on two different continents, there are only two methods of shipping from Turkey to the US:
Sea shipping from Turkey to the US
Sea shipping is the most popular method of transporting cargo. One of the pros is the low cost, but it is also the slowest mode of transportation. You can choose Less than Container Load (LCL) or Full Container Load (FCL). Shipping time from Turkey to the United States of America by sea is usually 14-19 days.
Seaports in Turkey
You can ship your goods from seaports in Turkey such as:
- Port of Ambarli (the largest port in Turkey)
- Port of Gemlik (a hub for the automotive sector)
- Port of Mersin (Turkey’s second-largest port)
- Port of Haydarpaşa in Istanbul (the third biggest port in the country.)
Seaports in the US
There are several major seaports in the United States. Below, we present the five largest container terminals in the US:
- Port of Los Angeles, which is the busiest container port in the United States
- Port of Long Beach, which handles around 7 million container units per year
- Port of New York, together with New Jersey’s is the largest port complex on the East Coast
- Port of Seattle and Tacoma; both ports are part of the Northwest Seaport Alliance
- Port of Savannah, one of the busiest seaports in the US.
Airfreight from Turkey to the US
The transit time between Turkey and the US by air is around 1-3 days. The short transit times come with a price. Airfreight is about five times more expensive than sea shipping. It is recommended if you move perishable goods or you are not on a budget.
Cargo airports in Turkey
The major airports in Turkey are:
- Istanbul Airport (IST) is the main international airport in Istanbul
- Ankara Esenboğa Airport (ESB) is one of the largest airports in Turkey.
Main cargo airports in the US
- Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) is the 5th busiest cargo airport in the US
- Louisville International Airport (SDF) is the 3rd busiest airport in the US
- Memphis International Airport (MEM), which is the busiest cargo airport in the world
- Miami International Airport (MIA) is a hub for UPS, Sky Lease Cargo, and FedEx Express.
Customs clearance in import from Turkey to the US
It is recommended to check the customs duties before sourcing the products. Find out the HS codes and the customs duties on the official US Harmonized Tariff website.
There is a set of documents that are required for customs clearance. It is usually:
- certificate of origin
- commercial invoice
- packing list (inventory)
- bill of lading/air waybill
- letter of credit (or different payment terms).
How much does shipping from Turkey to the US cost?
The shipping cost depends on the type of transportation, the size of the consignment, and additional safety measures. If you fill a form on ShipHub, you will receive an in-depth quote on your international shipment from various forwarders. Here are some examples of filled forms:
Check out our guides on shipping to the US: